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About Turkey About Russia Trade Figures Common Words in Turkish and Russian

About Turkey

OFFICIAL NAME
Republic of Turkey
CAPITAL CITY
Ankara
CIVIL ORDER
Presidential Government System
POPULATION
80,8 million (2017)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE
Turkish
PRESIDENT
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
AREA
783.562,38 km²
LARGE CITIES (POPULATION)
Istanbul (15,0 million), Ankara (5,4 million), Izmir (4,3 million), Bursa (2,9 million), Antalya (2,4 million) (2017)
TELEFON CODE
+90
GDP
851 billion  USD (2017-Current Prices)
GDP PER CAPITA
10.597  USD (2017)
EXPORT
157 billion  USD (2017)
IMPORT
234  billion  USD (2017)
TOURISM REVENUE
26,3 billion  USD (2017)
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
10,9 billion  USD (2017)
NUMBER OF FOREIGN COMPANIES
58.418 (2017)
INFLATION RATE
%11,9 (CPI-2017)
MAJOR COUNTRIES IN EXPORT
Germany (%9,6); United Kingdom (%6,1); UAE (%5,8); Iraq (%5,8); USA (%5,5); Italy (%5,4); France (%4,2); Spain (%4,0); The Netherlands (%2,5); Israel (%2,2) (2017)
MAJOR COUNTRIES IN IMPORT
China (%10,0); Germany (%9,1); Russia (%8,3); USA (%5,1); Italy (%4,8); France (%3,5); Iran (%3,2); Switzerland (%3,0); South Korea (%2,8); United Kingdom (%2,8) (2017)
TRADE AGREEMENTS
• Customs Union Agreement with the EU
• Free Trade Agreements: Albania,  Bosnia and Herzegovina, EFTA member countries (Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein),  Faroe Islands, Morocco, Palestine, Ghana, South Korea,  Georgia, Israel, Montenegro, Kosovo, Lebanon,  Macedonia, Malaysia, Egypt, Moldova, Mauritius, Serbia, Singapore, Sudan, Syria, Chile, Tunisia, Jordan  

About Russia

OFFICIAL NAME
The Federation of Russia 
CAPITAL
Moskow
INDEPENDENCE DATE
24 August 1991
CIVIL ORDER
Federation 
PRESIDENT
Vladimir V. Putin  
PRIME MINISTER
Dmitriy A. Medvedev
LANGUAGE
Russian
AREA
17.075.400 km2
POPULATION
146,3 million
MAJOR INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
WTO, BRICS, EEU (Eurasian Economic Association), ŞİÖ, APEC, CE (Council of Europe), BSEC, CIS
TIME DIFFERENCE WITH TURKEY
+1 HOUR
INTERNATIONAL PHONE CODE
7
WORKING DAYS
MONDAY – FRIDAY : 09.00 – 18.00
OFFICIAL HOLIDAYS
  01 – 04 January /  New Year Holiday
  07 January /  Orthodox New Year
  23 February /  Remembrance of Independence Warriors
  08 March /  International Women's Day
  01 – 02 May /  Labor day
  09 May /  Victory Day
  12 June /  Independence Day
  04 November /  National Day of Draw
  12 December /  Constitution Day
GDP (Nominal)
1.507 billion US Dolars
GDP PER CAPITA (Nominal)
10.296
GDP GROWTH RATE 
% 0,9
ENFLASYON ORANI
% 4,6
CURRENCY & EXCHANGE RATE
1 US Dollar = 62,55 Russian Ruble (17.07.2018)
EXPORT
336,8 billion US Dollar 
IMPORT
212,7  billion US Dollar
TOTAL RESERVES
377  billion US Dollar
INVESTMENT AMOUNT TO THE COUNTRY
379  billion US Dollar 
OUTDOOR INVESTMENT AMOUNT
335,8  billion US Dollar
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
%3,6
WORLD BANK RISK ORDER
40/190
SECTORAL DISTRIBUTION OF GDP
Agriculture  4,7%,  Industry 32,4% 
Services 62,8%
MAIN PRODUCTS IN EXPORTS
Crude Oil, Petroleum Products and Natural Gas (63,3%), Iron-Steel (5,3%),  Precious and semi-precious stones, precious metals  (3,1%)  Machine and Equipment (2,4%)  wood products (2,2%),  cereals (2,1%) 
MAIN PRODUCTS IN IMPORT
Machine and Equipment (20%),  Electrical machinery and equipment (11,8%)  Road transport (9,4%), Pharmaceutical products (4,8%),  plastic products (3,9%)
MAJOR COUNTRIES IN EXPORT
China (10,9%), The Netherlands (10%), Germany (7,2%), Belarus (5,2%), TURKEY (5,1% - 5th), Italy (3,9%)
MAJOR COUNTRIES IN IMPORT
China (21,2%), Germany (10,7%), USA (5,6%), Belarus (5,2%), France (5,2%) TURKEY (1,5% - 16th)
MAJOR INDUSTRIES
Coal, oil, gas, chemicals and metals; aircraft and spacecraft, radar
MAJOR AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
Cereal, sugar beet, sunflower seeds, vegetables and fruits, red meat, milk.
MINING AND RESOURCES
Natural resource reserves covering oil, natural gas, coal and many strategic minerals.
GDP (Nominal)
1.507 billion US Dollar 
GDP PER CAPITA (Nominal)
10.296
GDP GROWTH RATE (Real)
% 0,9
INFLATION RATE
% 4,6
CURRENCY & EXCHANGE RATE
1 US Dollar = 62,55 Russian Ruble (17.07.2018)
EXPORT
336,8 billion US Dollar 
IMPORT
212,7  billion US Dollar
TOTAL RESERVES
377  billion US Dollar
INVESTMENT AMOUNT TO THE COUNTRY
379  billion US Dollar 

Trade Figures

TURKEY-RUSSIA TRADE FIGURES (1,000 US Dollars)
 

 

Year

 

Export

 

Export %

 

Import

 

Import %

 

Volume

 

Balance

2014

5.943.014

-14,7

25.288.597

0,9

31.231.611

-19.345.583

2015

3.588.331

-39,6

20.401.757

-19,3

23.990.088

-16.813.426

2016

1.732.954

-51,7

15.162.386

-25,7

16.895.340

-13.429.432

2017

2.734.366

57,8

19.514.094

28,7

22.248.460

-16.779.728

2017 / (1-6 )

1.126.082

52,9

8.719.936

12,2

9.846.018

-7.593.854

2018 / (1-6 )

1.650.055

46,5

11.740.285

34,6

13.390.340

-10.090.230

Source: Ministry of Commerce
 

MUTUAL INVESTMENTS

Russia's Foreign Direct Investment in Turkey:
 

Year

Amount (million $)

2014

723

2015

747

2016

723

2017

5

2018-6

4

Toplam

6.213

Source: Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
 
Turkey's Foreign Direct Investment in Russia:
 

Year

Amount (million $)

2014

84

2015

62

2016

10

2017

16

2018-5

9

Toplam

870

Source: Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
 
CONTRACTING SERVICES
 

YEAR

NUMBER OF PROJECTS 

VOLUME (USD)

2014

45

3.747.596.135

2015

35

6.080.503.095

2016

4

1.152.784.809

2017

13

1.718.493.353

2018

11

3.133.894.837

TOTAL

1.956

71.809.093.075

 
AGREEMENT AND PROTOCOLS
 

Name of Agreement

İmza Tarihi

Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement

25.02.1991

Agreement on the Establishment of a Joint Economic Commission

14.05.1992

Agreement on Mutual Promotion and Protection of Investments

15.12.1997

Double Taxation Prevention Agreement

15.12.1997

Protocol on Cooperation in the Field of Nuclear Power Engineering

06.08.2009

Protocol on Cooperation in Oil Field

06.08.2009

Medium Term Programme in the Fields of Trade, Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation for the years 2012-2015 between the Republic of Turkey and the Russian Federation

03.12.2012

Medium Term Programme in the Fields of Trade, Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation for the years 2017-2020 between the Republic of Turkey and the Russian Federation

10.03.2017

15. Turkey-Russia Joint Economic Commission Meeting Protocol

 

21.10.2017

 
TURKEY – RUSSIA BUSINESS COUNCIL
 

The predecessor of today’s Council is the DEİK/Turkey-USSR Business Council established on 21 February 1988. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union at the end of the year 1991 the Council was re-established as DEİK/Turkey-Russia Business Council.

The Chairman of the Turkey-Russia Business Council is Mr. Tuncay Özilhan, Chairman of the Anadolu Group and the Chairman of the Russia-Turkey Business Council is Mr. Ahmet M. Palankoyev, Chairman of the Akropol Group.

The latest Turkey-Russia Business Council Meeting was realised on 30 November 2017 in Russia (Voronej).

Common Words in Turkish and Russian

Words from Russian that are used in daily life Turkish
Semaver - Самовар
Matruşka - Матрёшка
Çar - Царь
Dobra - Добро
Kapuska - Капуста
Kalyaska - Коляска
Brıçka - Бричка
Mazot - Мазот
Peç - Печь
Şapka - Шапка
adres - адрес
ağustos - август
doktor - доктор
fabrika - фабрика
kredi - кредит
limon - лимон
mağaza - магазин
mart - март
milyon - миллион
müzik - музыка
paket - пакет
palto - пальто
park - парк
radyo - радио
sigara - сигарета
telefon - телефон
turist - турист
tuvalet - туалет
milyar - миллиард
mil - миля
şoför - шофёр
pilot - пилот
al - алый
bej - беж
haki - хаки
bordo - бордо
plaj - пляж
polis - полиция
bagaj - багаж
duş - душ
fön - фен
biftek - бифштекс
rozbif - ростбиф
sosis - сосиски
yogurt - йогурт
kefir - кефир
margarin - маргарин
domates - помидор
ananas - ананас
vişne - вишня
greyfrut - грейпфрут
kivi - киви
mandalina - мандарин
çikolata - шоколад
kek - кекс
benzin - бензин
garaj - гараж
far - фара
şose - шоссе
pazar - базар
otobus - автобус
bulvar - бульвар
müze - музей
ambar - амбар
şalvar - шаровары
şal - шаль
eşek - ишак
pay - пай, доля
kaftan - кафтан
lamba - лампа
ütü - утюг
kuşak - пояс
bavul - баул
minare - минарет
çiy börek - чебурек
baklava - пахлава
acuka - аджика
briçka - бричка
çar - царь
dobra - добрый
kahve - кофе
kalyaska - коляска
karpuz - арбуз
fındık - фундук
incir - инжир
hurma - хурма, (по-турецки также финики)
patlıcan - баклажан
çay - чай
helva - халва
sandık - сундук
torba - торба
matruşka - матрёшка
mazot - мазут
metro - метро
peç - печь
semaver - самовар
şapka - шапка
tramvay - трамвай
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